The Political Fray - Political Forum
Go Back   Political Fray > The Political Fray > History

History Historical Discussions - For discussion about the great (and not-so-great) happenings of history


Reply
 
LinkBack Thread Tools Display Modes
Old July 20th, 2013, 03:17 PM   #1
Representative
 
Road Warrior's Avatar
 
Joined: Aug 2012
From: North Texas
Posts: 318

Primitive human society 'not driven by war'

I've long had a deep interest in both human behavior and history. This story hits on both topics.

Primitive human society 'not driven by war'
Quote:
Researchers from Abo Academy University in Finland say that violence in early human communities was driven by personal conflicts rather than large-scale battles.

They say their findings suggest that war is not an innate part of human nature, but rather a behaviour that we have adopted more recently.

The study is published in the journal Science.

Patrik Soderberg, an author of the study, said: "This research questions the idea that war was ever-present in our ancestral past. It paints another picture where the quarrels and aggression were primarily about interpersonal motives instead of groups fighting against each other."

Motives for murder
The research team based their findings on isolated tribes from around the world that had been studied over the last century.

Cut off from modern life and surviving off wild plants and animals, these groups live like the hunter gatherers of thousands of years ago.

"They are the kind of societies that don't really rely on agriculture or domestic animals - they are primitive societies," explained Mr Soderberg.

"About 12,000 years ago, we assume all humans were living in this kind of society, and that these kind of societies made up about for about 90% of our evolutionary path."

Using the modern tribes as an analogy for earlier society, the researchers looked at cases where violent deaths had been documented.

They found 148 such deaths but very few were caused by war.

"Most of these incidents of lethal aggression were what we call homicides, a few were feuds and only the minority could be labelled as war," Mr Soderberg said

"Over half the events were perpetrated by lone individuals and in 85% of the cases, the victims were members of the same society."

Most of the killings were driven by personal motives, he added, such as family feuds or adultery.

The researchers admitted that modern communities were not a perfect model for ancient societies, but said the similarities were significant and did provide an insight into our past.

Mr Soderberg said: "It questions the idea that human nature, by default, is developed in the presence of making war and that war is a driving force in human evolution."

Instead, he thinks that war may have developed later.

As the hunter gatherers made the transition to farming, groups became more territorial and with a more complex social structure.

"As humans settled down, then war becomes more dominant and present. For these primitive societies, war has not yet entered the picture," he added.
Road Warrior is offline  
Reply

  Political Fray > The Political Fray > History

Tags
driven , human , primitive , society , war



Thread Tools
Display Modes


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
human trafficking clax History 21 January 30th, 2013 06:58 PM
The Myth that We've Outgrown Racism as a Society charleslb Government and Politics 9 November 23rd, 2010 10:36 AM
An Armed Society obtuseobserver Current Events 10 October 11th, 2010 06:20 AM
Institute for Human Continuity Delta Conspiracy Theories 4 December 24th, 2009 09:37 AM


Facebook Twitter RSS Feed



Copyright © 2009-2013 Political Fray. All rights reserved.